Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

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Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

As highlighted in Doc 10019 (ICAO, 2015), Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) are a new component of the aviation system that all stakeholders, including the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), States and the industry are working to understand, define and ultimately integrate. These systems are based on cutting-edge developments in aerospace technologies, offering advancements which may open new and improved civil/commercial applications as well as improvements to the safety and efficiency of all civil aviation.

The safe integration of RPAS into non-segregated airspace is a long-term activity with many stakeholders adding their expertise on such diverse topics as licensing and medical qualification of remote pilots, technologies for detect and avoid systems, frequency spectrum, separation standards from other aircraft and development of a robust regulatory framework.



ICAO, in its Manual on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) (ICAO, 2015), has defined a number of terms that are important to know in order to better understand the RPAS domain. The following are a few examples taken from this document:

Remote pilot: A person charged by the operator with duties essential to the operation of a remotely piloted aircraft and who manipulates the flight controls, as appropriate, during flight time.

Remote pilot-in-command: The remote pilot designated by the operator as being in command and charged with the safe conduct of a flight.

Remote pilot station: The component of the remotely piloted aircraft system containing the equipment used to pilot the remotely piloted aircraft.

Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA): An unmanned aircraft which is piloted from a remote pilot station.

Remotely piloted aircraft system (RPAS): A remotely piloted aircraft, its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components as specified in the type design.



What falls under RPAS?

According to the Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems Panel (RPASP), the following areas of expertise are an integral part of the RPAS domain (ICAO, 2020):

  • airworthiness: including the design, production, manufacture, certification, continuing airworthiness, command and control (C2) or RPAS;
  • RPAS operations: including the certification, oversight, human performance aspects, RPAS operators, safety management of RPAS;
  • Personnel licensing: covers the area of pilot and air traffic controller licensing and medical requirements;
  • Telecommunications for C2 and air traffic control;
  • Detect and avoid (DAA), surveillance systems including airborne collision avoidance systems (ACAS), ground proximity warning systems (GPWS) and other safety nets; and
  • Air Traffic Management (ATM) pertinent to RPAS.

For more information, visit one of the following WIKIFATCA pages:

Last Update: September 19, 2020  

October 27, 2019   1366   superman    WIKI  

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